Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is a group of inherited red blood cell disorders.
Healthy red blood cells are round, and they move through small blood vessels to carry oxygen to all parts of the body.
In someone who has SCD, the red blood cells become hard and sticky and look like a C-shaped farm tool called a “sickle”.
The sickle cells die early, which causes a constant shortage of red blood cells.
Also, when they travel through small blood vessels, they get stuck and clog the blood flow. This can cause pain and other serious problems such infection, acute chest syndrome and stroke.
Types of Sickle Cell Disease (SCD)
These are the most common types of SCD:
People who have this form of SCD inherit two sickle cell genes (“S”), one from each parent. This is commonly called sickle cell anemia and is usually the most severe form of the disease.
People who have this form of SCD inherit a sickle cell gene (“S”) from one parent and from the other parent a gene for an abnormal hemoglobin called “C”.
Hemoglobin is a protein that allows red blood cells to carry oxygen to all parts of the body. This is usually a milder form of SCD.
A child gets sickle cell disease (SCD) when he or she receives two sickle cell genes — one from each parent.
A child who inherits only one sickle cell gene has sickle cell trait (SCT). If both parents have either SCD or SCT, it is important for them to discuss this information with each other and with a doctor when making decisions about family planning.
Genes, which are passed down from a parent to child, are instructions in each of our cells that determine a person’s traits such as eye color, blood type, and risk of disease.
Here are five facts you should know about Sickle Cell Disease (SCD):
Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) has many faces
The disease affects millions of people worldwide.
Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) can be cured for certain patients
A bone marrow transplant, which involves collecting healthy cells from a donor’s bone marrow and transferring them into a patient, can cure SCD.
However, a bone marrow transplant may not be the best choice for all patients because it comes with serious risk.
A bone marrow transplant expert can advise patients about whether or not it is a good choice for them.
Anemia is a common effect of SCD, but it can be treated
In someone with SCD, red blood cells die early and not enough are left to carry oxygen throughout the body, causing anemia.
Infection or enlargement of the spleen, an organ that stores red blood cells, may make anemia worse. Blood transfusions are used to treat severe anemia.
It is important to know that a person with Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) can live a long and high quality life
People with Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) can lower their chances of difficulties from the disease and enjoy many normal activities by:
- Getting regular checkups with their doctor.
- Following treatments prescribed by their doctor, such as taking medication called hydroxyurea.
- Preventing infections by taking simple steps including washing their hands.
- Practicing healthy habits like drinking 8 to 10 glasses of water per day and eating healthy food.
Side Effects Of Morning After Pills You Need To Know
The morning after pill may prevent unwanted pregnancy, but it can also cause some side effects like an irregular period, fatigue, headaches, abdominal pain, dizziness, nausea and vomiting.
The main unpleasant side effects that the emergency contraceptive pill can cause are:
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Bleeding between periods;
- Breast tenderness;
- Abdominal pain;
- Irregular period, coming earlier or later than usual.
What to do
Some side effects can be treated, or even avoided, as follows:
Nausea and vomiting
Food should be eaten as soon as the pill is taken, to reduce the urge to vomit. If nausea occurs, a home remedy may be prepared and taken, such as ginger or clove tea with cinnamon, or antiemetic medication.
Headache and abdominal pain
If the pill causes side effects like headaches or abdominal pain, painkillers such as paracetamol or dipyrone are recommended.
To relieve breast pain, apply warm compresses or take a warm bath, massaging the breast area
In case of diarrhoea, drink plenty of fluids and avoid greasy foods, eggs, milk and alcohol, giving preference to black, chamomile or guava leaf tea.
Home Remedies To Get Rid Of A Stubborn Cough At Home
A dry cough is also called an unproductive cough. Unlike productive, wet coughs, dry coughs are unable to remove mucus, phlegm, or irritants from your lungs or nasal passages.
Dry coughs can linger for weeks after you’ve had a cold or the flu. They may also be caused by a number of conditions, such as:
- postnasal drip
- acid reflux or GERD
They may also be a long-lasting side effect from exposure to environmental toxins, such as cigarette smoke.
Dry coughs can be very uncomfortable and may occur in both children and adults. While there are a number of clinical treatments you can use to alleviate them, there are also at-home remedies which can be just as effective in many cases.
Here are a few home remedies for a stubborn dry cough you can try.
Herbs and supplements
At-home remedies for dry cough aren’t one-size-fits-all. You may have to experiment with several before you find the ones that work for you.
In addition, not all of these remedies have been fully researched and proven to be effective. Some treatments are also inappropriate for babies or children.
For adults and children ages 1 and up, honey can be used to treat day and nighttime dry coughing.
Honey has antibacterial properties and can also help to coat the throat, alleviating irritation.
You can try taking honey by the teaspoon several times daily, or add it to tea or warm water to drink.
Turmeric contains curcumin, a compound which may have anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antibacterial properties. It may also be beneficial for several conditions, including a stubborn dry cough.
Curcumin is best absorbed into the blood stream when taken with black pepper. You can add 1 teaspoon of turmeric and 1/8 teaspoon of black pepper into a beverage, such as cold orange juice, to drink. You can also make it into a warm tea.
You can get turmeric in its spice-form, as well as a capsule.
Ginger has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It has also been shown to boost the immune system and relieve pain and discomfort.
Ginger can be found in many teas as an ingredient. You can also make ginger tea from ginger root by steeping the peeled or cut root in warm water. Adding honey may make it even more beneficial for dry cough.
You can also take ginger in capsule form, or chew on ginger root to alleviate dry cough.
Peppermint contains menthol, which helps to numb nerve endings in the throat that become irritated by coughing. This may provide pain relief and reduce the urge to cough.
There are a number of ways to take peppermint. These include drinking peppermint tea or sucking on peppermint lozenges. Try drinking peppermint tea right before bed to help alleviate nighttime coughs.
Aromatherapy with eucalyptus
Aromatherapy is the practice of using essential oils to soothe and heal.
Eucalyptus essential oil may help ease dry cough by working as a decongestant. Try adding eucalyptus to a diffuser, spritzer, or inhaler. You can also add a few drops to hot water in a bowl and inhale the steam.
Scenting your room with eucalyptus may help you get a better night’s sleep if nighttime coughing has been keeping you awake.
Gargle with salt water
Gargling with warm salt water will help ease the discomfort and irritation caused by a dry cough. Salt water also helps kill bacteria in the mouth and throat.
To do this, dissolve 1 teaspoon of table salt in a large glass of warm water. Then gargle several times a day.
If you wake up with an irritated throat from coughing during the night, gargle with salt water immediately after brushing your teeth to help numb and soothe the nerve endings in your throat.
Top 5 Reasons Why You Should Always Have Honey At Home
Honey is filled with a lot of nutrients to keep you healthy and glowing. So, stay at home and make the best use of it.
You have no idea that your home is a hidden treasure of beneficial ingredients. From the kitchen to your refrigerator, there are a lot of ingredients present with you to help you in various ways.
Honey is one of them. You might treat it as a natural sweetener but it is way more useful than that.
Honey contains a lot of antioxidants and vital nutrients like calcium, iron, magnesium copper, potassium, manganese and zinc.
These all are great to boost up your diet, skin and health naturally. So folks, here we are going to talk about five amazing ways to use honey at home.
Here are the five ways you can use honey. From a healthy diet to skincare and health remedies, honey is the jack of all trades.
Reduces Acid Reflux
Honey contains anti-bacterial and anti-fungal agents that are great to boost your gastrointestinal system.
By keeping the bacterial interference at bay, it helps in digestion well. Honey can also help reduce acid reflux. Take 1 teaspoon of honey and mix it in a glass of lukewarm water.
Great For Skin And Hair
Honey has a lot of benefits for your skin and hair. It is not just a natural moisturiser but it is loaded with many skin benefits. To tackle dull, dry skin or acne, honey works wonderfully.
Whatever skin pack you use, adding a spoon of honey will prove to be beneficial. For the hair, it helps in reducing dandruff naturally. You can use 2 tablespoons of honey with 1 egg white to make a hair pack. Apply it on your scalp as a pre-wash hair mask.
A Better Substitute For Artificial Sugar
Honey is considered to be a better choice rather than refined sugar. Honey contains a lot of antioxidants which lowers the risk of cardiac issues as well as high blood pressure. To use it, you can have it with a cup of green tea regularly.
Reduces Sore Throat, Nausea And Cold
A common cold and sore throat remedy in most Indian households is honey. Its anti-bacterial properties can help reduce throat infection and cold. It is also known to curb nausea effectively. You just have to drink a solution of 1 tablespoon honey and ginger in water.
What can be worse than a hangover? The sweetness present in honey helps the body to trigger its metabolism and prevent sudden changes in blood sugar level. Also, it minimises the side effects of alcohol consumption. You can drink a glass of honey water to tackle hangover.
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