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Dysmenorrhea: What It Is, Causes, Treatments

Dysmenorrhea: What It Is, Causes, Treatments
Dysmenorrhea: What It Is, Causes, Treatments

Monika Kozub via Unsplash

Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for painful menstrual flow or periods.

There are two main kinds of dysmenorrhea: primary dysmenorrhea and secondary dysmenorrhea.

Primary dysmenorrhea has to do with recurrent pain. Secondary dysmenorrhea, however, is as a result of reproductive system disorders. Both conditions are treatable.

What is Menstrual Cramps

Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for what is commonly known as menstrual cramps.

Under dysmenorrhea, there is primary and secondary.

Primary dysmenorrhea occurs repeatedly and they are not usually as a result of other underlying diseases or disorders.

With primary dysmenorrhea, pain usually starts one or two days before your period or when the bleeding starts.

The sort of pain you feel may range from  mild to severe in the lower abdomen, back or thighs.

Typically the pain can last 12 to 72 hours. Also, there are other symptoms you may experience such as nausea and vomiting, fatigue, and even diarrhea.

Common menstrual cramps may become less painful as you get older and may stop entirely if you have a baby.

Secondary dysmenorrhea means menstrual cramps that arise from other underlying conditions. Pain from secondary dysmenorrhea typically starts earlier in the menstrual cycle and lasts longer than common menstrual cramps. Usually, it does not come with nausea, vomiting, fatigue or diarrhea.

What Causes Painful Menstrual Cramps

Menstrual cramps occur when a chemical called prostaglandin makes the uterus contract (tighten up). The uterus, the muscular organ where a baby grows, contracts throughout your menstrual cycle. During menstruation, the uterus contracts more strongly.

If the uterus contracts too strongly, it can press against nearby blood vessels, cutting off the supply of oxygen to muscle tissue. You feel pain when part of the muscle briefly loses its supply of oxygen.

How does secondary dysmenorrhea cause menstrual cramps?

Menstrual pain from secondary dysmenorrhea is due to problems with the reproductive organs. Conditions that can cause cramping include:

Endometriosis: This is a condition in which the tissue lining the uterus (the endometrium) is found outside of the uterus. Because these pieces of tissue bleed during your period, they can cause swelling, scarring and intense pain.

Adenomyosis: This is a condition where the lining of the uterus grows into the muscle of the uterus. This condition can cause the uterus to get much bigger than it should be, along with abnormal bleeding and pain.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): This is an infection caused by bacteria that starts in the uterus and can spread to other reproductive organs. PID can cause pain in the stomach or pain during sex.

Cervical stenosis: Narrowing of the cervix, or the opening to the uterus.

Fibroids (benign tumors): Growths on the inside, outside or in the walls of the uterus.

Typical symptoms of dysmenorrhea 

These are the typical symptoms of dysmenorrhea:

  •  Pain (may be severe sometimes) in the abdomen
  • Feeling of pressure in the abdomen
  • Pain in the hips, lower back and inner thighs.

How to relieve mild menstrual cramps

To relieve the symptoms of mild menstrual cramps, you can do the following:

  • For the best relief, take ibuprofen as soon as bleeding or cramping starts. Ibuprofen belongs to a class of drugs called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). They reduce the output of prostaglandins. If you can’t take NSAIDs, you can take another pain reliever like acetaminophen.
  • Place a heating pad or hot water bottle on your lower back or abdomen.
  • You should also try to rest when needed.
  • Avoid foods that contain caffeine.
  • Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol.
  • Massage your lower back and abdomen.

Women who exercise regularly often have less menstrual pain. To help prevent cramps, make exercise a part of your weekly routine.

 

 

 

 

 

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Food and Health

Top 5 Reasons Why You Should Always Have Honey At Home

Honey is filled with a lot of nutrients to keep you healthy and glowing. So, stay at home and make the best use of it.

You have no idea that your home is a hidden treasure of beneficial ingredients. From the kitchen to your refrigerator, there are a lot of ingredients present with you to help you in various ways.

Honey is one of them. You might treat it as a natural sweetener but it is way more useful than that.

Honey contains a lot of antioxidants and vital nutrients like calcium, iron, magnesium copper, potassium, manganese and zinc.

These all are great to boost up your diet, skin and health naturally. So folks, here we are going to talk about five amazing ways to use honey at home.

Here are the five ways you can use honey. From a healthy diet to skincare and health remedies, honey is the jack of all trades.

Reduces Acid Reflux

Honey contains anti-bacterial and anti-fungal agents that are great to boost your gastrointestinal system.

By keeping the bacterial interference at bay, it helps in digestion well. Honey can also help reduce acid reflux. Take 1 teaspoon of honey and mix it in a glass of lukewarm water.

Great For Skin And Hair

Honey has a lot of benefits for your skin and hair. It is not just a natural moisturiser but it is loaded with many skin benefits. To tackle dull, dry skin or acne, honey works wonderfully.

Whatever skin pack you use, adding a spoon of honey will prove to be beneficial. For the hair, it helps in reducing dandruff naturally. You can use 2 tablespoons of honey with 1 egg white to make a hair pack. Apply it on your scalp as a pre-wash hair mask.

A Better Substitute For Artificial Sugar

Honey is considered to be a better choice rather than refined sugar. Honey contains a lot of antioxidants which lowers the risk of cardiac issues as well as high blood pressure. To use it, you can have it with a cup of green tea regularly.

Reduces Sore Throat, Nausea And Cold

A common cold and sore throat remedy in most Indian households is honey. Its anti-bacterial properties can help reduce throat infection and cold. It is also known to curb nausea effectively. You just have to drink a solution of 1 tablespoon honey and ginger in water.

Reduces Hangover

What can be worse than a hangover? The sweetness present in honey helps the body to trigger its metabolism and prevent sudden changes in blood sugar level. Also, it minimises the side effects of alcohol consumption. You can drink a glass of honey water to tackle hangover.

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Food and Health

Home Remedies To Lose Belly Fat Quickly

Belly fat is the excess weight that develops around the center of the body, also called visceral fat.

This belly fat is more than a nuisance that makes you look improper in your regular clothes. No doubt putting on weight, especially around the belly, is so easy than losing it.

This visceral fat not only makes you look ugly, but it is also unhealthy. The belly fat can cause many health issues such as heart disease, diabetes, strokes, cancer, and even increases the blood pressure.

Studies revealed that the tough thing about this fat is about insulin resistance, also considered as fat fertilizer in the tummy region.

The abdominal fat does not reduce by only doing sit-ups or exercises. The important thing is to decrease the overproduction of the hormone insulin.

For this, there is no other alternative but to make lifestyle changes and follow some home remedies to reduce this stubborn fat around the belly.

Below are some of the home remedies that can help in reducing the excess belly fat.

Warm Water with Lemon:

This is considered as one of the effective remedies to get rid of belly fat. Lemon with warm water helps in detoxifying the liver. The liver works best when it is clean, and it metabolizes the fat and burns the fat quickly.

Ingredients:

Half-cut lemon and one glass of warm water.

Procedure and Dosage:

Take a glass, fill it with lukewarm water and add one tablespoon of lemon juice in it, and mix it properly.

One glass of this daily drink morning works effectively.

How Often to Do This:

Drinking this elixir juice just after waking up in the morning will give desired results.

Drink this juice daily even if you had shredded excess abdominal fat because this detoxifies the whole body.

Caution:

One necessary caution is that drink only one glass per day; if possible, drink this juice with a straw to prevent any erosion of tooth enamel.

Ginger Tea:

Ginger is considered as a natural digestive aid, helps in reducing digestive problems.

It is also thermogenic, which means it increases the body temperature to let burn fat more effectively.

This natural product also suppresses the production of cortisol, a stress hormone that is responsible for weight gain.

Ingredients:

One glass of drinking water.

One tablespoon of freshly grated ginger, raw honey, and lemon juice from the half cut lemon.

Procedure and Dosage:

Pour the water in a pan and put to boil, add the grated ginger and turn the flame off.

Let the boiled water simmer for 10 minutes, then add squeezed lemon juice and honey, and mix properly.

How Often to Do This:

For obtaining the best results, drink this tea daily during the night before going to bed.

Caution:

Make sure that you add a small amount of ginger because excess ginger can cause diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, throat irritation, etc.

Green Tea:

Drinking green tea is considered as one of the best ways to lose belly fat. This tea is rich in nutrients and antioxidants that can do wonders for the body.

Green tea contains catechin that increases metabolism, which aids your liver in burning the fat efficiently.

Ingredients:

One glass of water and a green tea bag or green tea leaves.

Procedure and Dosage:

Take a glass of lukewarm water, dip a green tea bag in it and let soak for 5-10 minutes. Add one tablespoon of honey for sweetener and enjoy the drink.

The other way of preparing green tea is, add 3-4 green tea leaves to boiling water and let it simmer for 10 minutes. Add one tablespoon of honey for sweetener, mix properly, and drink it.

How Often to Do This:

Drinking this tea daily before meals can give you desired results.

Caution:

Avoid buying processed green tea, as this may contain added sugar that will cause some health issues, instead use green tea leaves.

 

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Food and Health

Amazing Benefits Of Guava

Guava is a traditional remedy for a range of health conditions. Research suggests that guava fruits and leaves may have a number of benefits.

Guavas are tropical fruits with yellowish-green skin, and they grow on trees in Central America. The Latin name for the common guava tree is Psidium guajava.

People use guava leaf tea as a treatment for diarrhea in several countries, including India and China. In other countries, such as Mexico, people have traditionally used the flesh of the fruit to heal wounds.

Guava is a tropical fruit that grows in dry or humid heat. Both the fleshy fruit of the guava plant and the leaves are edible, with the fruit most often eaten as a snack and the leaves commonly boiled into an herbal tea.

Texture-wise, guavas are similar to pears, but with a little more crunch. They have a sweet, tropical flavor that instantly takes your taste buds on an island vacation. But hidden inside this sweet snack are a number of health benefits.

Health Benefits

Guava is loaded with nutrients. Not only does it have more Vitamin C than oranges, guava is also rich in other antioxidants, and has been shown to have a number of great health benefits. Here are just a few of the benefits of eating this tropical fruit.

Improve Digestion

One of the key nutrients found in guava is fiber. Fiber has been shown to help with digestion by both solidifying and softening stool. This can ease the symptoms of both diarrhea and constipation.

Studies also show that guava leaf extract can help reduce the intensity and duration of diarrhea. People with certain digestive disorders, including irritable bowel syndrome, may benefit from adding guava to their diet.

Relieve Painful Periods

Menstrual cramps can range in severity, from mild to debilitating. Women who experience painful cramps may want to give the guava leaf a try. One study found that guava leaf extract was more effective than painkillers at dealing with menstrual cramps.

Improve Your Immune System

Guava is bursting with Vitamin C, which is critical for maintaining immune health. Studies show that Vitamin C can reduce the length of a cold’s duration and fight bacteria.

Nutrition

One guava contains more than twice the recommended daily allowance of Vitamin C. In addition to its high Vitamin C content, guava is also packed with other nutrients, including:

  • Iron
  • Calcium
  • Vitamin A
  • Potassium
  • Nutrients per Serving
  • One whole guava contains:
  • Calories: 37
  •  Fat: 1 gram
  • Cholesterol: 0 milligrams
  •  Sodium: 1 milligram
  •  Carbohydrates: 8 grams
  •  Fiber: 3 grams
  • Sugar: 5 grams
  •  Protein:1 gram

Portion Sizes

One guava makes up one of the 4-5 recommended servings of fruit per day. Like many fruits, guava has a significant amount of sugar in it, and it’s important to moderate your sugar intake. Too much sugar in your diet can lead to problems, including weight gain and tooth decay.

How to Prepare Guava

To eat guava fresh, place it on a cutting board and cut it in half. You can then either cut it into slices the way you would an apple, or scoop out the fleshy part of the guava fruit with a spoon like an avocado. Guava rind is edible, but some people don’t enjoy the taste.

In addition to eating guava fresh, you can also put guava in a number of different recipes.

Fresh guava goes great in smoothies, salads, juices, and even salsas. Guava can also be cooked, and is used in a number of baked goods, including:

  • Cookies
  • Breads
  • Breakfast Cakes
  • Muffins

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