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Dysmenorrhea: What It Is, Causes, Treatments

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Dysmenorrhea: What It Is, Causes, Treatments
Dysmenorrhea: What It Is, Causes, Treatments

Monika Kozub via Unsplash

Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for painful menstrual flow or periods.

There are two main kinds of dysmenorrhea: primary dysmenorrhea and secondary dysmenorrhea.

Primary dysmenorrhea has to do with recurrent pain. Secondary dysmenorrhea, however, is as a result of reproductive system disorders. Both conditions are treatable.

What is Menstrual Cramps

Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for what is commonly known as menstrual cramps.

Under dysmenorrhea, there is primary and secondary.

Primary dysmenorrhea occurs repeatedly and they are not usually as a result of other underlying diseases or disorders.

With primary dysmenorrhea, pain usually starts one or two days before your period or when the bleeding starts.

The sort of pain you feel may range from  mild to severe in the lower abdomen, back or thighs.

Typically the pain can last 12 to 72 hours. Also, there are other symptoms you may experience such as nausea and vomiting, fatigue, and even diarrhea.

Common menstrual cramps may become less painful as you get older and may stop entirely if you have a baby.

Secondary dysmenorrhea means menstrual cramps that arise from other underlying conditions. Pain from secondary dysmenorrhea typically starts earlier in the menstrual cycle and lasts longer than common menstrual cramps. Usually, it does not come with nausea, vomiting, fatigue or diarrhea.

What Causes Painful Menstrual Cramps

Menstrual cramps occur when a chemical called prostaglandin makes the uterus contract (tighten up). The uterus, the muscular organ where a baby grows, contracts throughout your menstrual cycle. During menstruation, the uterus contracts more strongly.

If the uterus contracts too strongly, it can press against nearby blood vessels, cutting off the supply of oxygen to muscle tissue. You feel pain when part of the muscle briefly loses its supply of oxygen.

How does secondary dysmenorrhea cause menstrual cramps?

Menstrual pain from secondary dysmenorrhea is due to problems with the reproductive organs. Conditions that can cause cramping include:

Endometriosis: This is a condition in which the tissue lining the uterus (the endometrium) is found outside of the uterus. Because these pieces of tissue bleed during your period, they can cause swelling, scarring and intense pain.

Adenomyosis: This is a condition where the lining of the uterus grows into the muscle of the uterus. This condition can cause the uterus to get much bigger than it should be, along with abnormal bleeding and pain.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): This is an infection caused by bacteria that starts in the uterus and can spread to other reproductive organs. PID can cause pain in the stomach or pain during sex.

Cervical stenosis: Narrowing of the cervix, or the opening to the uterus.

Fibroids (benign tumors): Growths on the inside, outside or in the walls of the uterus.

Typical symptoms of dysmenorrhea 

These are the typical symptoms of dysmenorrhea:

  •  Pain (may be severe sometimes) in the abdomen
  • Feeling of pressure in the abdomen
  • Pain in the hips, lower back and inner thighs.

How to relieve mild menstrual cramps

To relieve the symptoms of mild menstrual cramps, you can do the following:

  • For the best relief, take ibuprofen as soon as bleeding or cramping starts. Ibuprofen belongs to a class of drugs called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). They reduce the output of prostaglandins. If you can’t take NSAIDs, you can take another pain reliever like acetaminophen.
  • Place a heating pad or hot water bottle on your lower back or abdomen.
  • You should also try to rest when needed.
  • Avoid foods that contain caffeine.
  • Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol.
  • Massage your lower back and abdomen.

Women who exercise regularly often have less menstrual pain. To help prevent cramps, make exercise a part of your weekly routine.

 

 

 

 

 

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Food and Health

Amazing Health Benefits Of Lemongrass Tea You Didn’t Know

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Amazing Health Benefits Of Lemongrass Tea You Didn't Know
Amazing Health Benefits Of Lemongrass Tea You Didn't Know

Amazing Health Benefits Of Lemongrass Tea You Didn’t Know

Lemongrass is an herb that is native to Sri Lanka and South India but now grows in many countries around the world. The plant’s stalks are a common ingredient in Asian cooking, but it is also possible to brew lemongrass to make tea.

The plant has long leaves that are similar to those of seagrasses. While an estimated 55 species of lemongrass exist, only the East Indian and West Indian varieties are suitable for use in cooking.

Several researchers are interested in the health and medicinal benefits of drinking lemongrass tea.

We will take a look at some of the health benefits this tea may offer and also consider the evidence supporting the claims.

Many people believe that lemongrass tea offers multiple health benefits, but researchers have not yet conducted enough large-scale studies to prove these benefits.

Doctors do know that the tea can help fight against free radicals, thus reducing the incidence of inflammation in the body. Lemongrass contains the inflammation-fighting compounds chlorogenic acid, isoorientin, and swertiajaponin.

Inflammation is a factor in many adverse health conditions, including pain and heart disease. As such, lemongrass tea could be a beneficial drink for people to incorporate into their diet.

Here are health benefits that may result from drinking lemongrass tea.

Relieving anxiety

Many people find sipping hot tea to be relaxing, but lemongrass tea may offer further anxiety-reducing properties.

According to the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, smelling lemongrass may help people with anxiety. Although some people already inhale lemongrass essential oil to relieve stress and anxiety, researchers still need more evidence to be able to confirm this benefit.

Lowering cholesterol

According to an article, Trusted Source in the Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research, consuming lemongrass extracts appears to lower cholesterol in animals.

The study notes that the reaction is dose-dependent. This means that larger quantities of lemongrass might lower cholesterol further.

Preventing infection

According to the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, study results suggest that lemongrass may have some infection-preventing capabilities.

For example, the herb seems to reduce the incidence of thrush, a fungal infection that commonly affects people with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV.

In many countries where the lemongrass plant is native to the area, people will take the lemongrass stalks and chew on them as a way to improve dental health and keep the mouth feeling clean.

The Food Chemistry journal published a study confirming these findings. The authors looked at 12 herbs and found that lemongrass herbal extracts were one of the most potent inhibitors of bacterial growth in lab samples. They used bacteria that can cause cavities in the mouth, including Streptococcus sanguinis.

Relieving pain

According to one study, lemongrass may be able to block pain. This means that drinking lemongrass tea could potentially help to prevent a person from sensing pain.

Boosting red blood cell levels

The results of a 2015 study suggest that drinking lemongrass tea infusions daily for 30 days can increase hemoglobin concentration, packed cell volume, and red blood cell count in the body.

The researchers took blood tests from 105 human subjects at the start, and then at 10 and 30 days into the study. They concluded that drinking lemongrass tea boosts the formation of red blood cells.

While they did not identify precisely how lemongrass does this, they did suggest that the tea’s antioxidant properties could play a role.

Relieving bloating

Drinking lemongrass tea can have diuretic effects, which means that it stimulates the kidneys to release more urine than usual.

According to a small-scale study in the Journal of Renal Nutrition, drinking lemongrass tea increases urine output more than other beverages.

This diuretic effect on the body can be beneficial in cases where water retention leads to bloating. This is a common symptom of premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

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Food and Health

Natural Health Benefits Of Cucumber, Lemon and Ginger Juice You Should Know

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Natural Health Benefits Of Cucumber, Lemon and Ginger Juice You Should Know
Natural Health Benefits Of Cucumber, Lemon and Ginger Juice You Should Know

Natural Health Benefits Of Cucumber, Lemon and Ginger Juice You Should Know

Making Cucumber, lemon and ginger juice will not take a lot of your time, but it can help reach your health and weight loss goals.

Cucumber neutralizes acidity, silicon and sulfur content promotes hair growth, excellent source of vitamin A and C as well as folate and potassium.

It has the ability to cleanse and detox the entire body. It also helps to alleviate digestive problems such as gastritis, acidity, heartburn, indigestion, and ulcers.

Cucumber juice is also one of the best natural diuretics around, aiding in the excretion of wastes through the kidneys and helping to dissolve uric acid accumulations such as kidney and bladder stones. It has the ability to help reduce edema, bloating and swelling in the body.

It is also an ideal way to properly hydrate the body since it contains beneficial electrolytes that have the ability to bring nutrients and hydration deep into the cells and tissues making it far more effective than water alone.

Fresh cucumber juice has wonderful anti-inflammatory benefits which can significantly benefit autoimmune and neurological disorders such as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Fibromyalgia, Migraines, Anxiety, Depression, Shingles, Eczema, Psoriasis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Multiple Sclerosis, and Lupus.

Lemons remove bitterness or weird flavor out of not so tasty veggies. They give it a little tang. Juice the rind to gain the benefits of what’s in the essential oils.

Lemons help to increase your metabolic rate, thus allowing you to burn more calories and store less fat. Not only do lemons help protect your immune system and alkalize your body, they also work to boost your metabolism and aid with weight loss.

Lemons contain a beneficial compound called limonin. The flavonoids and limonin have been shown to stop cell division in certain types of cancer cells.

Ginger is a warming spice and is so satisfying in juice. It also gives your beverage a little kick. The benefits of ginger are great – it eases a sour stomach, reduces nausea and increases blood circulation in the body. Always use the fresh root when juicing.

Cucumber juice is naturally hydrating and contains minerals like potassium and magnesium that actually help maintain your body’s fluid balance.

Because it’s so hydrating, it may help clear up your skin, reduce your blood pressure, and promote regular bowel movements.This is what happens if you drink cucumber juice everyday.

Lemon juice with warm water melts belly fat and even give the liver a boost, when consumed early in the morning. Lemon juice increases body’s metabolism and is also helpful in improving immunity, due to the vitamin C in it.

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Food and Health

Amazing Health Benefits Of Onion Peels For Women

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Amazing Health Benefits Of Onion Peels For Women
Amazing Health Benefits Of Onion Peels For Women

Onion Peels have amazing health benefits that women should know about

Onions are one of the most widely used vegetables in cuisines all over the world but most people throw away their outer skins and peels.

That papery covering may seem like just throw-away packaging, but you will be surprised to learn they are actually nutrient dense and have some household uses as well.

The outer skins of onion provide an excellent source of vitamins A, C, E, and numerous antioxidants. The skins of onions are also a rich source of flavonoids, particularly quercetin, a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory.

Here are some of the amazing health benefits of onion peels:

Induce Sleep

As a natural sleep aid, brew up a cup of onion skin tea. Simply pour boiling water over several onion skins, cover and let soak for fifteen minutes. Strain the tea (or use a tea ball) and enjoy.

Alleviate Itchy Skin

Onion skins have anti-fungal properties that make them effective at relieving itchy skin problems, including athlete’s foot. Apply onion-infused water to your skin for relief.

Flavoured Bread Mix

Add one teaspoon of ground onion skin (a mortar and pestle work well to grind) to your homemade bread dough to add mild flavor and nutrients.

Add extra nutrition to stews

Onion skins can be used to add extra nutrition to soups, stews, and when making bone broth or stock. Strain the papery skins out afterward.

Nutritious Rice

Add some onion skins when cooking rice to add extra vitamins to your food. Make sure to let them steep as the rice cooks. Simply remove the skins after cooking.

Hair dye

Onion skins also make a great hair dye, turning it a beautiful golden brown. Simply add onion skins to a pot of water and boil for 30-60 minutes. Let cool overnight, then strain and pour over clean hair. Leave in for 30 minutes, then rinse.

Relieve Muscle Cramp

Boil onion skins for 10-20 minutes making an infusion. Drain the skins from the water and drink it as a tea before bed to help relieve muscle cramps.

Soothing Tea

Onion skin tea is known to soothe mind and also improve immune system. Pour hot water in a cup containing tea bag/green tea leaves and onion peels and let both seep for some time. Strain the tea and relax with a healthful cup of tea.

Treat Sore Throat

Add onion peels in the water for 10 minutes. Boil it and gargle. It helps to lower the inflammation in throat with its anti-inflammatory properties.

Good Source of Antioxidants

Onion peels contains more antioxidants which manage the free radical infection. The increment of free radicals in the body lowers the body’s immunity.

If you can’t use them immediately, freeze them! Simply store skins in a plastic bag or freezer-safe container and freeze them for later use.

It is important to note that:

A tea made with onion peels helps to suppress obesity, lower allergies, infections and high blood pressure.

To provide relief from muscle cramps, drink an infusion made from onion skins before going to bed.

Onion tea with turmeric helps to lighten dark skin.

Onion tea also provides relief from toothache.

It assists healing of wounds and insect bites.

Intake of onion tea wipes out worms in intestine and prevents vomiting, stomach cramps, nausea and expels parasites.

Onion skin is not poisonous. Although onion skin is not edible, the benefits can be reaped by adding it to stock. To extract quercetin and other beneficial plant compounds that onion skins contain, toss one onion or two, skin and all into the pot next time you make soup, stew or cook rice.

Onions are a rich source of Vitamin C that which not only helps in lightening the spots but also even tightens the pores and evens out the skin’s texture.

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